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[Lấy địa chỉ]
Đăng lúc 31-5-2013 11:08:08 | Xem tất |Chế độ đọc
Dự kiến trước mắt mỗi tuần sẽ là 1 chủ đề.
Trong 1 chủ đề sẽ có 4 đến 5 bài read.
Trong mỗi bài read sẽ đi kèm là từ mới và ngữ pháp trong bài.
Sau khi post hết bài read sẽ chốt lại bằng việc dùng các từ mới, ngữ pháp, các kiến thức từ các bài read để viết 1 đoạn luận văn về topic.



LIST


TOPIC 1:  Environment
READING 1:  http://kites.vn/forum.php?mod=vi ... p;extra=#pid6274441
READING 2:  http://kites.vn/forum.php?mod=vi ... p;extra=#pid6274441
READING 3:  http://kites.vn/forum.php?mod=vi ... p;page=2#pid6315820
READING 4:  http://kites.vn/thread/topic-394502-2-1.html



Hạn chế 888 trong thread này!!!

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Số người tham gia 2Sức gió +10 Thu lại Lý do
^BánhRán^ + 5 khó quá chừng
binggubias + 5 em không học đâu=))

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Dùng đạo cụ Báo cáo

Đăng lúc 31-5-2013 22:20:51 | Xem tất
Ủng hộ chủ thớt, sớm khai trương topic đị nhé.
Nhưng mà cái này khó không?
Dễ dễ xí, cho anh em còn học với. Nếu có thể phân theo trình độ thì hay biết mấy, hixhix.

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hiii. cái topic này ai cũng học đc e ạ. hehe^^  Đăng lúc 31-5-2013 10:33 PM
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Dùng đạo cụ Báo cáo

Đăng lúc 3-6-2013 07:33:19 | Xem tất
Nghe có vẻ hay hén ^^
Em ủng hộ 2 tay lun {:306:} {:306:} {:306:}
Nhưng mà 4 đến 5 bài read có sợ mọi người ngại đọc không hả tỷ??? Em hỏi thế thoy.
Mong topic sớm mở :"> {:290:}

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k e ạ. vì mỗi ngày post 1 bài mà^^  Đăng lúc 3-6-2013 09:22 AM
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Dùng đạo cụ Báo cáo

Đăng lúc 3-6-2013 14:30:33 | Xem tất
Chào mọi người, hôm nay sẽ là bài post đầu tiên trong thread topic.

Chủ đề của tuần này là Environment.

Mọi người đọc bài và làm bài tập nhé.
Lần đầu tiên mình soạn bài, mong mọi người ủng hộ và góp ý để mục topic có những bài viết chất lượng nhé!

A Carbon Trading System Worth Saving
Source: nytimes.com


The European Union became a pioneer in tackling climate change by starting the first major cap-and-trade system designed to reduce carbon-dioxide emissions by putting a price on them. But analysts are increasingly worried that technical mistakes, Europe’s prolonged recession and the failure of policy makers to strengthen the system are undermining its effectiveness.

Like all such systems, Europe’s program caps the overall emissions that power plants, steel mills and other industries can put into atmosphere. The cap, which is regulated through permits, declines every year, forcing businesses to become more efficient or buy permits from another firm or on the open market.

Recently, the price of permits has collapsed to less than 4 euros (around $5.25) per ton of carbon, down from nearly 30 euros in 2008. This is troubling because the low price discourages emitters investing in climate-friendly technologies and fuels. In Britain, for instance, electric utilities have cut back on cleaner-burning natural gas and are using more coal, which puts roughly twice as much carbon into the atmosphere.

There are several reasons for the sharp drop in carbon prices. European governments issued too many permits in the first place because they miscalculated how many would be needed to achieve their goals. And the recession, high unemployment and weak demand for electricity have cut industrial emissions to the point where companies simply do not have to buy allowances to meet their caps. European policy makers haven’t helped either. Earlier this month, the European Parliament considered temporarily tightening the overall cap to boost the price of allowances. But opposition by several countries that rely heavily on coal torpedoed the measure.

What is most worrying about the drop in the price of carbon is that it could discourage policy makers elsewhere in the world, including Washington, from addressing climate change if they conclude that Europe’s experience is a bust. Several national and state governments have started or are pursuing similar approaches.

But the news from Europe is not all bad. Emissions have fallen by 14 percent among sectors covered by the program in countries that have participated since 2005. Analysts attribute much of that reduction to the cap on emissions, not the recession. The system could work even better if Europe’s leaders find the ingenuity to strengthen it and the political courage to weather the criticism that could result from higher electricity prices.

In addition to its trading scheme, Europe has made real progress in dealing with climate change through policies encouraging energy efficiency and renewable sources of power like wind and solar. But nothing would do more to drive down emissions than putting a meaningful price on them, either through a carbon tax or through a cap-and-trade system. Europe’s job is to put that system on a sounder footing to make sure it doesn’t undo the real progress it has made.

A - NEW WORDS
1. Pioneer:
- N: Người tiên phong - a person who is among the first to explore or settle a new country or area.
- V: Mở, khai phá, đi tiên phong - develop or be the first to use or apply (a new method, area of knowledge, or activity).
- Synonym: Explorer, adventurer, discoverer.

2. Tackle:
- V: Xử trí, giải quyết, khắc phục - make determined efforts to deal with (a problem or difficult task).
- N: Đồ dùng, dụng cụ - the equipment required for a task or sport.
- SYN: address, approach, grapple.
- Phrase: To tackle somebody about/over something) nói với ai về (một vấn đề khó khăn).

3. Climate change: biến đổi khí hậu

4.  Cap-and-trade system: hệ thống cho phép thương mại hóa lượng khí thải cắt giảm (tham khảo Nghị định thư Kyoto) - Emissions trading or cap and trade is a market-based approach used to control pollution by providing economic incentives for achieving reductions in the emissions of pollutants.

5. Carbon-dioxide emission: sự phát tán CO2
- Emission: N - Sự phát ra, phát tán, phát xạ (ánh sáng, nhiệt...), sự bốc ra, sự toả ra (mùi vị, hơi...) - the production and discharge of something, especially gas or radiation.

6. To put a price (tag) on something: Định giá - to say how much something costs
- SYN: appraise, cost, estimate, evaluate, fix, mark down, mark up, put a price on , rate, reduce, sticker, value

7. Recession: N - Sự lùi lại, sự thụt lại, sự lùi vào, sự thụt vào; chỗ thụt vào, chỗ lõm vào (ở tường); sự rút đi, sự suy thoái kinh tế - a period of temporary economic decline during which trade and industrial activity are reduced, generally identified by a fall in GDP in two successive quarters; the action of receding; motion away from an observer.
- SYN: plump, depression, slowdown, trough.

8. Prolonged: adj - Kéo dài; được nối dài thêm - continuing for a long time or longer than usual; lengthy.
- SYN: long, lengthy, protracted, long-lasting, extended.

9. Failure: N – Sự thiếu, thất bại, hỏng, sự không xảy ra - lack of success; the neglect or omission of expected or required action; the action or state of not functioning.
- SYN: collapse, breakdown.

10. Strengthen: V – củng cố, tăng cường, thúc đẩy - make or become stronger.
- Phrase: strengthen someone's hand (or hands): enable or encourage a person to act more vigorously or effectively.
- SYN: reinforce, bolster, cement.

11. Undermine: V – đào dưới chân, xói mòn, cài mìn, làm suy yếu (nền móng, cơ sở), hủy hoại - erode the base or foundation of (a rock formation); lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.
- SYN: erode, weaken, sap, wear smt down.

12. Cap:
- V – giới hạn - lessen the effectiveness, power, or ability of, especially gradually or insidiously.
- N – Cái mũ, mỏm, đầu đạn – a type of soft flat hat with peak.
- SYN: curb, limit, control, restrict, contain, check, suppress, hold smt in check.

13. Mill: máy xay; nhà máy - a building equipped with machinery for grinding grain into flour; a factory fitted with machinery for a particular manufacturing process.
- SYN: factory, plant, works, yard, workshop, foundry.

14. Discourage: V – làm nản lòng, can ngăn - cause (someone) to lose confidence or enthusiasm
- SYN: dissuade, talk sb out of smt, warn sb off smt.

15. Emitter: N – vật phát xạ, bộ phát, nguồn bức xạ - a thing which emits something.

16. Utility:
- N - Sự có lợi, sự có ích; tính hữu dụng, tính thiết thực; công trình hạ tầng kỹ thuật - the state of being useful, profitable, or beneficial.
- Adj - Thực tiễn, tiêu chuẩn hoá chặt chẽ; tiện ích - useful, especially through being able to perform several functions; functional rather than attractive.
- SYN: facility, service, resource, amenity.

17. Allowance
- N: Sự cho phép, sự thừa nhận, công nhận; Tiền trợ cấp; tiền cấp phát; sự chiếu cố, dung thứ; sự trừ, bớt, chiết khấu  - the amount of something that is permitted, especially within a set of regulations or for a specified purpose; a sum of money paid regularly to a person to meet needs or expenses.
- V: trợ cấp, chia phần ăn cho - give (someone) a sum of money as an allowance.
- SYN: share, allocation, commission, ration, cut, percentage.
- phrase: to make allowance (s) for: take into consideration when planning something.

18.  Tighten: V – căng, thắt chặt, giữ chặt - make or become tight or tighter.
- SYN: clench, tense.

19. Boost:
- V – nâng lên, đẩy mạnh, tăng cường, thúc đẩy, tăng giá, làm cho nổi tiếng - help or encourage (something) to increase or improve; push from below
- N – Sự tăng giá, sự nổi tiếng - a source of help or encouragement leading to increase or improvement.
- SYN: increase, raise, intensify, maximize, heighten, inflate, turn smt up.

20. Attribute:
- N: thuộc tính, vật tượng trưng - a quality or feature regarded as a characteristic or inherent part of someone or something
- V: chỉ định, cho là, quy cho - regard something as being caused by.
- SYN: feature, characteristic, quality, property, trait, point.

21. ingenuity:
- N: kỹ năng, sự khéo léo – the quality of being clever, original, and inventive.
- SYN: inspiration, creativity, vision, originality, imagination, inventiveness.

22. Scheme:
- N: Sự sắp xếp theo hệ thống, sự phối hợp; Kế hoạch thực hiện, kế hoạch tổ chức; âm mưu, thủ đoạn, mưu đồ, kế hoạch bí mật, ý đồ; Lược đồ, giản đồ, sơ đồ - a large-scale systematic plan or arrangement for attaining some particular object or putting a particular idea into effect
- V: vạch kế hoạch, tổ chức, âm mưu - make plans, especially in a devious way or with intent to do something illegal or wrong.
- Phrase: the scheme of things: a supposed or apparent overall system, within which everything has a place and in relation to which individual details are ultimately to be assessed.
- SYN: conspiracy, plot, intrigue, collusion, sting.

23. Energy efficiency: hiệu suất năng lượng.

24. Renewable sources of power: nguồn năng lượng có thể tái tạo.

25. Sound:
- Adj: khỏe mạnh, lành lặn, tráng kiện, đúng đắn, hợp lý, hoàn chỉnh, vững chắc, thành thạo.
- N: âm thanh, âm, giọng, ấn tượng
- V: nghe, nghe như, có vẻ; phát ra tiếng, báo hiệu, phát âm.

26. Footing:
- N: chỗ để chân, bệ, chân tường, chỗ đứng, địa vị vững chắc, vị trí trong quan hệ với ai, được kết nạp, tổng số - a secure grip with one’s feet, the basis on which something is established or operates; the foundations of a wall, usually with a course of brickwork wider than the base of the wall; the foundations of a wall, usually with a course of brickwork wider than the base of the wall.
- SYN: bottom, base, foundation.

B - Useful grammar
1.        Relative Clause – Mệnh đề quan hệ.
2.        Present perfect tense – Thì hiện tại hoàn thành.
3.        Condition Clause (3 types of “If” clause) – 3 dạng câu điều kiện.

C – Exercise:
1.        Answer the following questions:
-        What does the word “the cap” in line 6 refer to?
-        Why is the collapse of the price of permits troubling?
-        Why did the carbon’s price drop sharply?
-        What is the most worrying effect of the drop of carbon’s price?
-        How did European countries do to deal with climate change?
2.        What is the main idea of the article?
3.        Make sentences with all the new words. Find one collocation word and one opposite word for each.


* NOTE: - Những chỗ có màu chanh voan là nghĩa của từ mới, mọi người chỉ cần bôi đậm là có thể nhìn thấy nghĩ của từ mới
đó.

  - MỌI NGƯỜI NỘP BÀI TẬP BẰNG CÁCH POST BÀI DƯỚI THREAD NÀY!!!
  - NHỚ HỌC THUỘC HẾT TỪ MỚI HA MỌI NGƯỜI.


ĐÁP ÁN
Dưới đây là đáp án của bài, mọi người bôi đen để đọc nhé.


1.        Answer the following questions:
-        What does the word “the cap” in line 6 refer to?
        The cap refers to the European’s climate change tackling program that caps the overall emissions that power plants, steel mills and other industries can put into atmosphere.

-        Why is the collapse of the price of permits troubling?
        The price of permits’ collapse is troubling because the low price discourages emitters investing in climate-friendly technologies and fuels.

-        Why did the carbon’s price drop sharply?
        The carbon’s price dropped sharply because of 2 reasons. Firstly, European governments issued too many permits in the first place due to the miscalculation on the needed number of permits to achieve their goals. Secondly, high unemployment and weak demand for electricity have cut industrial emissions to the point where companies simply do not have to buy allowances to meet their caps.

-        What is the most worrying effect of the drop of carbon’s price?
        The most worrying effect of the drop in the price of carbon is that it could discourage policy makers from addressing climate change if they conclude that Europe’s experience is useless.

-        How did European countries do to deal with climate change?
        Beside the cap and trade system, European countries have dealt with climate change through policies encouraging energy efficiency and renewable sources of power like wind and solar.

2.        What is the main idea of the article?
Although the EU cap-and-trade system on tackling climate change has faced difficulties on technical mistakes, the prolonged recession and the failure of policy makers, its cap of emission still brought about effective progress.

Summary:
3 ý chính của bài Summary:
-        Introduction to the EU cap and trade system.
-        The obstacles that the program has to face with and its results.
-        Conclusion and solutions.


Sau đây là bài tham khảo:
The European Union has been the first one tackling climate change by starting the first major cap-and-trade system designed to reduce carbon-dioxide emissions by putting a price on them. Technical mistakes, Europe’s prolonged recession and the failure of policy makers to strengthen the system are undermining the program’s effectiveness. However, the cap on emissions has brought about positive results, the emissions have fallen by 14 percent among sectors covered by the program in participating countries since 2005. The system could work even better when being strengthened with the political courage. Therefore, the EU program is worth continuing. Its system should be put on a sounder footing to make sure it doesn’t undo the real progress it has made.


Chúc mọi người học tập hiệu quả!

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hiu hiu nhìn chữ nhìu sợ đọc quá :((  Đăng lúc 5-6-2013 01:12 PM
thanks ss đã post bài .hôm nào có time em sẽ đọc và học từ.Dạo này em bận quá:))  Đăng lúc 5-6-2013 11:56 AM
Bài đọc tiếp theo mình sẽ soạn ngắn và đơn giản hơn nhé  Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 01:35 PM
Mỗi bài đọc sẽ có từ mới và bài tập bên dưới bạn nhé. 1 tuần mình sẽ cố gắng soạn khoảng 3-4 bài đọc cho từng chủ đề.  Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 01:35 PM
mục đích của những bài reading là giúp các bạn nâng cao vốn từ vựng về các chủ đề, đồng thời rèn luyện kỹ năng đọc.  Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 01:34 PM

Rate

Số người tham gia 1Sức gió +5 Thu lại Lý do
^BánhRán^ + 5 ss vất vả quá ^^

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Dùng đạo cụ Báo cáo

Đăng lúc 3-6-2013 15:52:31 | Xem tất
chiều mai mình sẽ post đáp án, ngày kia mới có bài mới nhé bạn.
Thường thì các bài báo đều có độ dài này. Bài sau mình sẽ soạn ngắn đi nhé!
Cảm ơn đóng góp của bạn! {:155:}

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hi hi cảm ơn em đã ủng hộ. Nhớ đọc và làm bài em nhé  Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 09:14 AM
em cám ơn chị nhiều, từ bây giờ sẽ cố gắng học anh văn  Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 09:06 AM
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Dùng đạo cụ Báo cáo

Đăng lúc 3-6-2013 16:13:23 | Xem tất
C – Exercise:
1.  Answer the following questions:
-  What does the word “the cap” in line 6 refer to?
The cap, which is regulated through permits, declines every year, forcing businesses to become more efficient or buy permits from another firm or on the open market.
-  Why is the collapse of the price of permits troubling?
Because :Recently, the price of permits has collapsed to less than 4 euros (around $5.25) per ton of carbon, down from nearly 30 euros in 2008. This is troubling because the low price discourages emitters investing in climate-friendly technologies and fuels. In Britain, for instance, electric utilities have cut back on cleaner-burning natural gas and are using more coal, which puts roughly twice as much carbon into the atmosphere.
-  Why did the carbon’s price drop sharply?
Because  European governments issued too many permits in the first place because they miscalculated how many would be needed to achieve their goals. And the recession, high unemployment and weak demand for electricity have cut industrial emissions to the point where companies simply do not have to buy allowances to meet their caps. European policy makers haven’t helped either. Earlier this month, the European Parliament considered temporarily tightening the overall cap to boost the price of allowances. But opposition by several countries that rely heavily on coal torpedoed the measure.  
-  What is the most worrying effect of the drop of carbon’s price?
Is that it could discourage policy makers elsewhere in the world, including Washington, from addressing climate change if they conclude that Europe’s experience is a bust. Several national and state governments have started or are pursuing similar approaches.
-  How did European countries do to deal with climate change?
Emissions have fallen by 14 percent among sectors covered by the program in countries that have participated since 2005. Analysts attribute much of that reduction to the cap on emissions, not the recession. The system could work even better if Europe’s leaders find the ingenuity to strengthen it and the political courage to weather the criticism that could result from higher electricity prices.
2.  What is the main idea of the article? Summary the article in 150 words.

3.  Make sentences with all the new words. Find one collocation word and one opposite word for each.
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Dùng đạo cụ Báo cáo

Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 11:44:49 | Xem tất
Chào cả nhà mình! {:290:}
Đáp án cho bài đọc hôm qua đã được post liền với bài để mọi người tiện theo dõi, mọi người bôi đen để xem nhé.
Sáng mai mình sẽ post bài mới nhé! {:155:}

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hí hí không sao bạn ạ, cảm ơn bạn đã quan tâm đến thread!  Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 01:47 PM
à sorry bạn nhé, mình đọc chưa có kĩ :)  Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 01:30 PM
chị ơi? chị check hộ em "ngannghiaxiu' luôn nhé^^  Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 12:11 PM
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Dùng đạo cụ Báo cáo

Đăng lúc 4-6-2013 13:43:47 | Xem tất
ngannghiaxiu gửi lúc 3-6-2013 16:13
C – Exercise:
1.  Answer the following questions:
-  What does the word “the cap” in line 6 refe ...


Bạn xem lại câu trả lời của câu hỏi số 1 và số 5 nhé.
3 câu còn lại (2,3,4) thì đúng rồi bạn ạ.
Tuy nhiên, khi tìm câu trả lời trong bài đọc, bạn cố gắng tìm được ý chính để trả lời câu hỏi, đừng copy nguyên cả đoạn văn chứa câu trả lời nhé!
Cảm ơn bạn!
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Dùng đạo cụ Báo cáo

Đăng lúc 5-6-2013 12:13:31 | Xem tất
Chào cả nhà, hôm nay chúng ta tiếp tục với đề tài ENVIRONMENT nhé. Vì bài trước màu chữ khó nhìn nên lần này mình để chữ đen nhé.

Sea level rise


Sea levels around the world are rising. Current sea-level rise potentially affects human populations (e.g., those living in coastal regions and on islands) and the natural environment (e.g., marine ecosystems). Between 1870 and 2004, global average sea levels rose 195 mm (7.7 in). From 1950 to 2009, measurements show an average annual rise in sea level of 1.7 ± 0.3 mm per year, with satellite data showing a rise of 3.3 ± 0.4 mm per year from 1993 to 2009, a faster rate of increase than previously estimated. It is unclear whether the increased rate reflects an increase in the underlying long-term trend.

Two main factors contributed to observed sea level rise. The first is thermal expansion: as ocean water warms, it expands. The second is from the contribution of land-based ice due to increased melting. The major store of water on land is found in glaciers and ice sheets.

Sea level rise is one of several lines of evidence that support the view that the climate has recently warmed. It is very likely that human-induced (anthropogenic) warming contributed to the sea level rise observed in the latter half of the 20th century.

Sea level rise is expected to continue for centuries. In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projected that during the 21st century, sea level will rise another 18 to 59 cm (7.1 to 23 in), but these numbers do not include "uncertainties in climate-carbon cycle feedbacks nor do they include the full effects of changes in ice sheet flow". More recent projections assessed by the US National Research Council (2010) suggest possible sea level rise over the 21st century of between 56 and 200 cm (22 and 79 in).

On the timescale of centuries to millennia, the melting of ice sheets could result in even higher sea level rise. Partial deglaciation of the Greenland ice sheet, and possibly the West Antarctic ice sheet, could contribute 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) or more to sea level rise.

A.        New words
1. Coastal
- ADJ: Thuộc bờ biển, miền ven biển - of or near a coast.
- Example: coastal erosion, coastal waters.

2. Marine
- ADJ: thuộc biển, hải quân, ngành hàng hải, đường biển - relating to or found in the sea, relating to shipping or naval matters.
- N: đội tàu buôn, đội thuyền buôn; hải quân, lính thủy đánh bộ; tranh vẽ cảnh biển - a member of a body of troops trained to serve on land or sea
- Idioms: tell it to the marines: nói cho ma nghe - a scornful expression of disbelief.

3. Ecosystem
- N: Hệ sinh thái - a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
- SYN: nature, the environment, wild life.

4. Underlying
- ADJ: dưới, nằm dưới; cơ bản, cơ sở - important in a situation but not always easily noticed or stated clearly.
- SYN: fundamental, radical, basic, essential, elementary, ultimate, rudimentary.

5. Thermal
- ADJ: nhiệt, nóng - relating to heat.
- N: luồng không khí nóng bốc lên - an upward current of warm air, used by gliders, balloonists, and birds to gain height.
- SYN: heated , hot , lukewarm , melting , roasting , scorching , sizzling , snug , summery , sweltering , thermic , toasty.

6. Land-based ice: băng trên đất liền.

7. Melt
- N: sự nấu chảy, sự tan - an act or period of melting
- V: tan, chảy, toát mồ hôi, cảm động, động lòng, nao núng; làm tan chảy, nấu chảy - make or become liquefied by heating; make or become more tender or loving; disappear or disperse.
- Phrasal verb: melt down: collapse or break down disastrously; undergo a catastrophic failure as a result of the fuel overheating.
- SYN: dissolve, thaw, defrost.

8. Glacier
- N: sông băng - a slowly moving mass or river of ice formed by the accumulation and compaction of snow on mountains or near the poles.
- SYN: berg , floe , glacial mass , iceberg , icecap , ice field , ice floe , snow slide

9. Ice-sheet: dải băng.

10. Induce
- V: xui khiến; gây ra; quy vào, kết luận - succeed in persuading or leading (someone) to do something; bring about or give rise to; bring on (the birth of a baby) artificially, typically by the use of drugs.
- SYN: cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, give rise to, create, make.

11. Anthropogenic
- ADJ: của con người, do con người gây ra - (chiefly of environmental pollution and pollutants) originating in human activity.

12. Uncertainty
- N: sự không chắc chắn, không rõ ràng, dễ thay đổi, không kiên định - the state of being uncertain.
- SYN: doubt, question, confusion, indecision.

13. Assess
- V: định giá, đánh giá, ước định, định mức, đánh thuế, phạt.
- SYN: judge, evaluate, rate, gauge.

14. Millennia – plural form of millennium.
- N: thiên niên kỷ, thời đại hoàng kim.

15. Deglaciation
- N: sự tan băng - the disappearance of ice from a previously glaciated region.

B.        Exercise

1. Do the following statement agree with the information in the reading passage?
Write Yes if the statement is true according to the passage.
  No if the statement is false according to the passage.
  Not given if the information is not given in the passage.
a.        The annual rise of sea level from in the past 50 years is the fastest rate of increase.
b.        The thermal expansion and the deglaciation of land based ice are the main causes of the rise of sea level.
c.        Sea level rise is the unique result of global warming
d.        According to a research, the climate-carbon cycle feedbacks and the changes in ice sheet flow also result in the rise of sea level.

2. What is the main idea of the passage?
a. Sea-level rise will bring about severe effects to human life.
b. The rise of the sea-level is the result of human activities.
c. The melting of ice has given rise to the rising sea level.
d. Sea level around the world has been rising for many years and the trend will continue.

3. Learn and make sentences with new words.


ANSWER:
1.
a.        The annual rise of sea level from in the past 50 years is the fastest rate of increase.
Answer: No - From 1950 to 2009, measurements show an average annual rise in sea level of 1.7 ± 0.3 mm per year, with satellite data showing a rise of 3.3 ± 0.4 mm per year from 1993 to 2009, a faster rate of increase than previously estimated.

b.        The thermal expansion and the deglaciation of land based ice are the main causes of the rise of sea level.
Answer: Yes. Two main factors contributed to observed sea level rise. The first is thermal expansion: as ocean water warms, it expands. The second is from the contribution of land-based ice due to increased melting.

c.        Sea level rise is the unique result of global warming
Answer: No - Sea level rise is one of several lines of evidence that support the view that the climate has recently warmed.

d.        According to a research, the climate-carbon cycle feedbacks and the changes in ice sheet flow also result in the rise of sea level.
Answer: Not given - In 2007, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projected that during the 21st century, sea level will rise another 18 to 59 cm (7.1 to 23 in), but these numbers do not include "uncertainties in climate-carbon cycle feedbacks nor do they include the full effects of changes in ice sheet flow".

2. Answer: D.


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hú hú, cám ơn bạn nhé, hôm qua hụt bài đầu. Hy vọng hôm nay kịp thời gian để làm ^^!  Đăng lúc 5-6-2013 12:51 PM
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Đăng lúc 5-6-2013 22:18:46 | Xem tất
Exercise
1.
a. The annual rise of sea level from in the past 50 years is the fastest rate of increase.
        No. The annual rise of sea level from in the past 50 years is the faster rate of increase than previously estimated
b. The thermal expansion and the deglaciation of land based ice are the main causes of the rise of sea level.
        Yes. The thermal expansion and the deglaciation of land based ice are the main causes of the rise of sea level.
c.  Sea level rise is the unique result of global warming
        No. Sea level rise is one of the many results of global warming.  
d. According to a research, the climate-carbon cycle feedbacks and the changes in ice sheet flow also result in the rise of sea level.
  No. Uncertainties in climate-carbon cycle feedbacks or do they include the full effects of changes in ice sheet flow in the rise of sea level.

2. What is the main idea of the passage?
a. Sea-level rise will bring about severe effects to human life.
b. The rise of the sea-level is the result of human activities.
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